Career and employment

Are you choosing a career, updating your professional or vocational skills, or considering a career change? Are you returning to work after a longer break? Or are you ending your employment or career?

In this section, you can find information for different stages of your career as well as employment relationships, employment contracts, and partial disability.

If you are at the beginning of your working career or are considering changing your field, also check out our Professional Information section. If you are interested in an international career, take a look at our Internationality section.

  • Which profession is right for you? Choosing a profession is an important decision, but it won’t determine who you are for the rest of your life. That’s why it’s better to think of the process as a lifelong one, as you may change professions several times throughout your career, either to follow your passions or due to circumstance – for example, if there are changes in the job market or in your health.

  • Finding a job may seem difficult if you do not have any previous work experience yet. Many start their careers with short employment relationships, such as summer jobs, substitute work, or traineeships.

  • The Finnish working life is governed by different rules that both employees and employers must comply with. Legislation and collective agreements specify, for example, the minimum wage, working hours, holidays, sick pay and terms of notice.

  • As an employee, you have the right to work without discrimination. If you experience unequal treatment or witness others being treated unequally, notify your employer and, if necessary, the authorities dealing with equality issues.

  • Wellbeing at work means that you can work healthily, safely and productively. When you feel well, you also feel that your work is meaningful and enjoyable. As an employee, you can have an impact on your wellbeing and that of your working community.

  • Occupational safety consists of physical, psychological and social working conditions.

  • A disability or illness does not usually affect working, getting a job, or choosing a field. However, it can sometimes reduce your possibilities of getting work or keeping your job. When you are choosing a vocation or education, in addition to your interests or predispositions, you must also take into consideration limitations caused by your possible disabilities or illnesses.

  • Agree on job alternation leave together with your employer. Job alternation leave can vary between 100 and 180 calendar days, during which an unemployed person is hired as your substitute.

  • The term working ability means every person’s individual ability to cope with their work. It is affected by a number of factors, including physical and psychological resources, attitude, and skills. There are various services to help you assess your working ability.

  • Are you returning to employment after taking, for example, parental leave or time for providing informal care?

  • Ending your employment may be a relevant option for you if, for example, you want to change your job, are looking for new challenges, or are moving to another location. Resignation and termination of employment are two means for ending your employment with your current employer.

  • As your retirement age approaches, you get to make a significant personal decision: you can continue working, take part-time retirement, or enjoy your retirement days in full. We also offer information on what to do if you need to retire on a disability or career pension or if you become unemployed just before retirement. There is also the option of returning from retirement to continue working.

Are you returning to work?

Are you returning to work after things like parental leave or family care? At Job Market Finland you can find advice and services to support your job search or change in profession. Read more:

I am returning to work

Do you want a change in your career?

Do you crave a change in your career? Are you interested in a new job, occupation or studying? At Job Market Finland, you can find information to support you in choosing a field of study or a profession. Read more:

I want a change in my career

Are you interested in self-employment?

The options for work are changing, and new opportunities for self-employment are opening up. In addition to conventional paid employment and entrepreneurship, you can be employed as, for example, a light entrepreneur or freelancer. At Job Market Finland, you can find information on many different ways of self-employment. Read more:

I am interested in self-employment

Coming to Finland to work in a job?

At Job Market Finland, you can find information on starting a job and working life in Finland. Read more:

I am coming to work in Finland

Are you at the end of your career?

When approaching retirement age, you may be considering whether you will continue working or retire. Job Market Finland provides information to support you in making your decision. Read more:

I am at the end of my career

Do you need help to support your ability to work?

Sometimes you may be in a situation where your chances of getting a job or keeping your job are impaired. You can get help from, for example, job coaching or rehabilitative work activities. Read more:

I need help to support my ability to work

Are you in need of inspiration for your career?

At Job Market Finland, you can find dozens of career stories.

Explore career stories

Are you a recent graduate?

Important information has been collected on the "I am at the start of my career" page, which will help you move forward after the end of your studies.

Read more